The internet formerly known as ARPANet had its beginnings in the early 1960s. Both academics and military had similar interest in creating means for collaborative research and development. By 1975, network control protocol and e-mail as an application utilizing packet switching had been developed. Innovation of the internet is credited to J.C.R. Licklider, who through a series of memos shared with other academicians and scientists his idea for creating connectivity using computers. By the 1980s, packet switching satellite networks were used replacing ground-based radio networks. Open architecture made provision for individual networks with unique interfaces to be melded into the new protocol.
Commerce and Collaboration
As the internet came into fruition during the mid 1980s, so too, desktop computers were successfully introduced to the general public. Companies began to form providing peripherals relative to data, storage, memory, and operation. Though Microsoft was charged to monopolize the market in the early 2000s, Apple, Cisco, Netscape, and a myriad of computer product manufacturers were household words. Private industry saw the creation of internet service providers to not only sell and service computers, but register customers to receive internet service through their respective business. Commerce and collaboration was occurring simultaneously as internet growth escalated.
One can find various web sites that offer a time-line of the internet’s beginnings and continued development. It has demonstrated Licklider’s ideal to be a mechanism with global broadcasting capabilities. Numerous radio and TV outlets offer their transmission over the internet. Today, SmartPhone capability allows for portability and ease in utilizing the internet.
-In the late 1980s, creation of the internet name domain system was established by scientists from USC. Symbolic.com is said to be the first internet URL.
-By the mid ’90s, internet had over 300,000 users.
-In 2000, WIFI was seen as a stable alternative to fiberoptic lines.
-The movement from desktop computers to portable devices occurred steadily from 2007 to the present.